What is an FTP server? How it works!

Have you ever heard of the term FTP or what you want to know about FTP? If you want to know how it works . you must read this article. Today in this article, we will try to give you complete information about the history of FTP, its advantages, disadvantages, etc. 

FTP SErver

After reading this article, we hope that you will find answers to almost all the questions related to FTP that you remember.

What is FTP?

FTP / FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol. As the name implies, it is used to transfer files from one computer to another. FTP is a protocol that sets out specific rules for exchanging files between two systems.

The FTP protocol is an old protocol, and it is still widely used today. If you want to create a website, then getting ideas about this FTP can be very helpful for you. Because when a web developer creates a website.

That website's files need to be uploaded to the server, and FTP is used for this purpose. Which helps to upload, download, name, delete, copy and transfer large files to the server.

History of FTP

FTP was first created in 1971. It was initially used in the ARPANET Network Control Program (NCP) (before the advent of the modern Internet) to securely transfer files between servers and computers. 

Later, TCP / IP, i.e., modern Internet, was used instead of NCP. As the Internet is constantly changing, so is the FTP. Once a time, there was a problem with the FTP connection of the firewall installed on the computer. 

Which was addressed by making the FTP suitable for the firewall, for which passive mode was added. FTPS and SFTP were created to increase security, which made it much more secure than before.

How is FTP used?

You can use the following three methods to upload files to the webserver via FTP -

Command-line via FTP:

You must have used the command line at some point. Every operating system (Windows, Linux, or Mac OS) has some default commands for FTP, which you can use to connect to FTP sites.

Using a web browser:

You can also do this directly using a web browser. For this, you need to type FTP: // instead of HTTP: // in the browser's address bar, and you have to enter the username and password in place of the URL. 

The address in the browser should look like this: FTP: // username: [email protected]/

Using the Graphical FTP Client:

You can also use a graphical FTP client, which is basically a kind of application. Its interface is very user-friendly and straightforward. If you use Windows, you can download an application called FileZilla from the Internet for free.

How does FTP work?

Now we will try to know how the FTP protocol works. To do this, you must first install the FTP client on the user's system, then your username and password to connect to the server.

What are the benefits of FTP?

With the FTP client, you can transfer multiple directories in addition to multiple files.

The most significant advantage of FTP is the fast file transfer. If the connection is lost for any reason during the transfer, there is no reason to worry. 

You can continue it later if the connection is fixed. If you wish, you can pause the transfer and resume later.

You can set the file or directory transfer time, which means it will automatically start the file transfer when you specify. FTP also has the facility of auto backup, which is a great thing.

Disadvantages of FTP

Not all FTP servers offer encryption, and transferring data without encryption is not secure. If your password is weak, hackers can guess your password by creating different password combinations through brute force attacks.


This article has discussed FTP Server in detail . You can now easily download your favorite media from these servers very quickly. 

We hope you like this information about FTP and the list of FTP Server. If you have any questions to ask, be sure to include your questions in the comments.

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